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Phonics

 

Hello,

I know that for some parents, the way in which children learn to read in school, can be quite complicated to understand and grasp. Here is a quick run through of how your child is taught to read here at Crudgington. Hopefully you will find some useful ideas and advice on how you can support your child with phonics and reading at home. Don’t forget, that should you ever need advice or whether you have questions about phonics and reading, both myself and Miss Jones will be happy to help.

What is phonics?

Phonics is about knowing how letters link to sounds. From an early stage, children develop an awareness of different sounds in spoken language. They develop an understanding that spoken words are made up of different sounds. i.e. ‘c’ as in cat, ‘ll’ as in bell etc.

Here is a run down of the key terminology you may hear your child mention when talking about their phonics learning:

 Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.

Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme) i.e. ch in chip.

Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme) i.e. igh in light.

Oral Blending – This involves hearing phonemes and being able to merge them together to make a word. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to blend written words to read.

Blending– This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using their knowledge to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading. As a school, we use the ‘Blending arm’, to help children segment the word, then blend the phonemes (sounds) together.

blending arm

reading segmenting

Oral Segmenting – This is the act hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words to spell them. i.e. cat= c-a-t
Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it, using knowledge  to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order. This is the basis of spelling.

spelling phonics

It is important that children learn the ‘pure’ sounds. Any mispronunciation of a sound can hinder the child’s ability to blend the word to read it. The following video shows you how to say each sound for the 42 letter sounds:

As a school, we help children to remember graphemes and phonemes by linking them to actions (Phase 2) or rhymes (Phase 3 and 4). Learning the actions and rhymes that accompany each grapheme, will help you when it comes to supporting your child at home. Below is a run through of the actions and rhymes we use for each phase:

Phonics actions and rhymes for Phase 2, 3 and 5

Phase 5 pic

Tricky words

Not all words can be read by sounding them out phonetically. We call these tricky words. Each phonics phase has its own set of Tricky words, which must be learnt as whole words which can be sight read. There are lots of great songs your child can sing along with to help them learn the tricky words by sight. These are the ones we use in Class 1 and 2.

How to support at home:

There are lots of different ways you can support your child with their phonics skills at home.

Here is a link for the Phonics Play website, where you should be able to access some free phonics games. There is also a parents page, which can give you additional information about phonics.

https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/freeIndex.htm

Game ideas:

help at home 6 help at home 4 help at home 3 help at home 2 help at home

Supporting your child with phonics and reading is the best way you can help your child to succeed at school. I hope you find this guide useful. Any questions, please come and see myself or Miss Jones.

Thanks,

Miss Latham

Class 2 home learning Wednesday 15th July

Good morning Year 2. We are halfway through the final week and I can see the summer holidays on the horizon. Hope you have a fabulous day of home learning.

Well done to our Mathletics Champions who have a bronze certificate this week: Ellie (super high score!), Joshua and Gabriella – great scores by all children.

Here are your activities for today:

Writing

Continue with your packs from Monday.

Reading Comprehension

Choose your challenge for today’s fiction work.

Wednesday

Maths

Follow the link to the home learning overview page

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/dailylessons

Science

Click on the link for an activity on creating energy.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zbc2tbk

Have a great day!

Mrs Horton

 

Home learning – Tuesday 14th July

Good morning Year 2. Hope you are having a good week so far. Here are your activities for today’s learning.

Maths:

Follow the direct link to take you to today’s learning activity on time.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zbx6wnb

English:

Continue working on the writing pack from yesterday.

Reading Comprehension

Choose your challenge on today’s fiction comprehension work

Y2 The Camping Trip

Afternoon activity

Click on the link to take you this afternoon’s activity for PE and keeping active.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zwfvtrd

Transition activity

I thought you might like to complete these booklets for Miss Howell and bring them in on your transition day. I know she is really looking forward to meeting you.

Year 2 to 3 transition

 

Have a great day and please feel free to share your learning with the class using our email class.twoteacher@taw.org.uk

Mrs Horton

Class 2 home learning activities Monday 13th July

Good morning Year 2.Hope you all had a lovely weekend and are looking forward to coming back into school on Friday or Monday. We are all very excited to welcome you back and see how much you have all grown too!

Here are your activities for today:

English

Please find attached the writing pack for this week. It is a Y3 writing pack but we have covered most of the different activities leading to the writing, so you should be okay.

Year 2 writing pack for 13th July

Reading Comprehension

Reading text: DU-YR2-READING-COMPREHENSION-TEXT-SITAS-MAGIC-PAINTING

Questions: DU-YR2-READING-COMPREHENSION-QUESTIONS-SITAS-MAGIC-PAINTING

Answers: DU-YR2-READING-COMPREHENSION-MARK-SCHEME-SITAS-MAGIC-PAINTING

Maths

Click on the link and follow the Year 2 learning for today:

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/dailylessons

Science

Click on the link for a lesson on bubbles!

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zkf796f

Have a fabulous day

Mrs Horton

Class 2 Home learning Friday 10th July

Hurray to Friday Year 2. Another week of home school complete and I hope you have had a great week. I would love to see some of the activities you have completed, so please email me on class.twoteacher@taw.org.uk.

Here are your activities for today:

English

Finish off the writing pack for the Quangle Wangle Hat.

Reading Comprehension:

Choose your challenge with the answers at the back of each section.

Layers of the Ocean Differentiated Reading Comprehension Activity

SPAG

Mat 4 – Middle Ability

Maths

Can you complete the arithmetic questions? The answers are at the back of the pack so you can check and correct if needed. You might want to give yourself a time challenge to complete the questions, or just work through at your own pace.

Y2P3

Music

Click on the link to learn about the music of Vivaldi. Create your own weather poster based on the music of the four seasons.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/z4jjcmn

Have a great day and also I wish you a fantastic weekend with your family, See you soon!

Mrs Horton

 

 

Class 2 Home learning for Thursday 9th July

Good morning Year 2. I can see the weekend coming if I stand on my tippytoes! Hope you have a super day of home learning. Remember you can complete activities on Purple Mash and Mathletics too and I will check in to see your progress.

Here are your activities for today:

Maths

Click on the link and follow the Year 2 page for today’s activity. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/dailylessons

English

Continue working on your writing pack.

Reading Comprehension

Choose your challenge for today’s reading work on birds in the garden.

Birds in Your Garden Differentiated Reading Comprehension Activity

SPAG

Mat 4 – Year 2

Geography

Looking at mangroves. Read through the slides. Use the fact files to answer the challenge question cards.

Lets go to the jungle Geography Slide3

Lets go to the jungle Geography Work3

Have a fabulous day. Please feel free to email on class.twoteacher@taw.org.uk and I can share your work.

Mrs Horton

 

 

Class 2 home learning Wednesday 8th July

Good morning Class 2. Happy Wednesday. Halfway through the week and hopefully the weather will be better today too.

Here are your activities for today’s learning.

English

Continue working on your writing pack.

Reading Comprehension

Choose your challenge with today’s comprehension on beach habitats

Beach Habitat Differentiated Reading Comprehension Activity

Maths

Follow the link to the overview page and click onto Year 2 for today’s learning on measurements

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/dailylessons

History

Charles Darwin – have a look at this tribute of Darwin in Shrewsbury.

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1246556

Then visit his statue! https://www.google.com/maps/@52.7103223,-2.7504819,3a,75y,301.38h,90.06t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sT9gTxCDMkd35lwbmumuf8A!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

Discuss, write up and explain why the people of Shrewsbury have made a statue of Charles Darwin and why he is still a well known person of history.

Don’t forget there are activities you can complete on Purple Mash and Mathletics.  Have a super day. Class email is class.twoteacher@taw.org.uk

 

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