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I know that for some parents, the way in which children learn to read in school, can be quite complicated to understand and grasp. Here is a quick run through of how your child is taught to read here at Crudgington. Hopefully you will find some useful ideas and advice on how you can support your child with phonics and reading at home. Don’t forget, that should you ever need advice or whether you have questions about phonics and reading, both myself and Miss Jones will be happy to help.

What is phonics?

Phonics is about knowing how letters link to sounds. From an early stage, children develop an awareness of different sounds in spoken language. They develop an understanding that spoken words are made up of different sounds. i.e. ‘c’ as in cat, ‘ll’ as in bell etc.

Here is a run down of the key terminology you may hear your child mention when talking about their phonics learning:

 Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.

Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme) i.e. ch in chip.

Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme) i.e. igh in light.

Oral Blending – This involves hearing phonemes and being able to merge them together to make a word. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to blend written words to read.

Blending– This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using their knowledge to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading. As a school, we use the ‘Blending arm’, to help children segment the word, then blend the phonemes (sounds) together.

blending arm

reading segmenting

Oral Segmenting – This is the act hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words to spell them. i.e. cat= c-a-t
Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it, using knowledge  to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order. This is the basis of spelling.

spelling phonics

It is important that children learn the ‘pure’ sounds. Any mispronunciation of a sound can hinder the child’s ability to blend the word to read it. The following video shows you how to say each sound for the 42 letter sounds:

As a school, we help children to remember graphemes and phonemes by linking them to actions (Phase 2) or rhymes (Phase 3 and 4). Learning the actions and rhymes that accompany each grapheme, will help you when it comes to supporting your child at home. Below is a run through of the actions and rhymes we use for each phase:

Phonics actions and rhymes for Phase 2, 3 and 5

Phase 5 pic

Tricky words

Not all words can be read by sounding them out phonetically. We call these tricky words. Each phonics phase has its own set of Tricky words, which must be learnt as whole words which can be sight read. There are lots of great songs your child can sing along with to help them learn the tricky words by sight. These are the ones we use in Class 1 and 2.

How to support at home:

There are lots of different ways you can support your child with their phonics skills at home.

Here is a link for the Phonics Play website, where you should be able to access some free phonics games. There is also a parents page, which can give you additional information about phonics.

Game ideas:

help at home 6 help at home 4 help at home 3 help at home 2 help at home

Supporting your child with phonics and reading is the best way you can help your child to succeed at school. I hope you find this guide useful. Any questions, please come and see myself or Miss Jones.


Miss Latham

Class 1 online learning today

Please find attached Class 1 home learning

The explanation for all the activities for the day is in the powerpoint ‘Class 1 remote learning for the day’.

CLASS 1 3d shape hunt recording sheet

CLASS 1 All about New Years powerpoint

CLASS 1 Year 1 3D shapes

Class 1 remote learning for the day

CLASS 1 EYFS New Years resolution sheet

CLASS 1 Year 1 New Years resolution writing frame

Miss Latham

Class 1 homework


For the final piece of homework for 2020, I thought it would be nice for you to have a go at some Christmas baking. There are lots of lovely ideas on the internet or pinterest. Here are some pictures of inspiration:

christmas bakes

You can either take a picture of your bake, bring in a bake to sample, or have a go at writing the instructions for how to make your bake of choice (Year 1s). The most important thing though is that you have some festive fun in the kitchen. Try and be as independent as you can with weighing the ingredients, chopping, mixing or decorating etc.

Have fun!

Miss Latham

Class 1 homework: Christmas decoration competition


For your child’s homework this week, I have sent them home with a lollipop stick each. They have been tasked with creating a Christmas decoration for the class Christmas tree, which we will decorate with the designs. Please send your child’s decoration in by next Thursday, with your name on the back of your decoration. There will be a an anonymous vote for 1st, 2nd and 3rd place, with prizes to be won. Be as creative as you like! If you are struggling to think of a design, then here is some inspiration for you. You can add other lollipop sticks to it, paint it, add glitter or fabric…let your mind run wild! Please try and encourage the children to be as independent in creating their decoration, as possible.

Have fun! I look forward to seeing what you create.

Miss Latham


SEND Support for reading and writing during Covid-19


Dear parents and carers,

To help support your child with their reading and writing during these challenging times, we are able to offer support through the use of Clicker 8 software.  Information about Clicker can be found by watching the short video below.

During Covid-19, We are able to provide access to both Clicker 8, which can be used on Windows and Mac platforms, and Clicker Writer for iPads and Chrome Books free of charge fo you to access at home.

If you feel Clicker 8 would support the reading and writing development of your child whilst at home, please contact myself (Mrs Turner) by email at .  I can then ensure that the appropriate licence and access is provided.

If you have any queries regarding the suitability of Clicker, please do contact me for further information using the SEND contact email address

Kindest regards

Mrs Turner



Year 1 homework: Number bonds to 20


It is my aim for all children in Year 1 to achieve their yellow shining star badge in the next few weeks. To achieve this, they need to know number bonds to 20. The children have been introduced to these in maths lessons, but continued practise at home will help them to recall their number facts quickly. Here is a link for the game ‘Hit the button’. Select number bonds and then number bonds to 20. By the end of the week, children should be able to select the matching numbers to make 20.

Christmas break


Due to the chaos of the last week, unfortunately we haven’t had time to change the children’s reading books. Instead have a go at reading books from home, Christmas cards, magazines etc. I know the Christmas holiday is a busy time, so don’t feel the need to record any learning that is done over the holiday in your child’s reading diary. Alternatively, I have given out a Christmas checklist and thought it would be nice for the children to create a collage of photographs/ pictures/ drawings, telling us about all the Christmas traditions they get up to over the holiday.

Have a lovely break, I’m sure the children certainly need it!

Merry Christmas to you and thank you for the generous gifts!

Thank you,

Miss Latham

Half- term homework

There is no official homework for Class 1 over the half- term.

Year 1s can carry over their spellings from last week, to be tested on them on the first Friday back.

It would be lovely if your child could bring in a photo, drawing or momento from something nice they have done or something they have enjoyed over the holiday.

I hope the children enjoy the rest…I’m sure they need it!

Miss Latham

Class 1 homework- 11/05/18


Due to the fact I have been out of school all morning, I have not had the opportunity to stick in homework etc. Therefore there will be no homework this week. Instead, please can you aim to read with your child 4 times over the week and record it in their reading diary.

Thank you,

Miss Latham

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